Know your Bike

  • Continuing our series “Know your Bike”, we present the tourer.

  • Tourers are about hauling their passengers and lots of luggage over long distances.

  • These luxo-tourers provide the best comfort.

Here we are, continuing with the tourer.

As the segment name suggests, the tourer is about long-distance riding. It’s about packing the bike with all the stuff you need for more than just a weekend getaway.

What is it?

The tourer is about outright comfort for long-distance rides.

That necessity gives rise to full wind protection, thick and comfy seats, large luggage carrying capacity, stereo.

Good examples are the Honda Gold Wing, BMW K 1600 range, Harley-Davidson touring range, Indian touring range, Yamaha Royal Star Venture, Kawasaki Voyager, so forth.

A sub-genre is known as the bagger. Baggers are cut down full-dress tourers, with no top case luggage and more streamlined bodywork. Best examples are the Honda Gold Wing F6B, Harley Street Glide and Road Glide, BMW K 1600 B,

BMW is set to join the cruiser market with the R 18, but there’s no official word on which types they’ll market.


Large, huge are the normal responses received from the public.

Tourers are given large bodywork to protect the occupants from windblast and large luggage to carry their belongings. Almost all have stereos and sound systems, too.

This segment is led by the Honda Gold Wing, which set the standards in terms of luxury, comfort, instrumentation and refinement. BMW’s K 1600 series does the same, while the American tourers are marketed for their heritage (although still comfortable compared to other types of bikes in the market).

Seating position

An upright riding position sums it all up.

The handlebar is usually “pulled back” to the rider with the help of a tall riser. Because of this, the seats are wide and plush to support the rider and passenger’s derrieres, while a tall seatback supports the rider’s lumbar region.

The footpegs or footboards are placed forward of the seat, giving little bend for the knees.

Engine size

Tourers are usually powered large capacity engines. The current crop has capacities ranging from 1600cc and above.

The American tourers feature the long-beloved narrow-angle 1800cc V-Twins , the Gold Wing has an 1800cc flat-Six, while the K 1600 uses a 1600cc straight-Six.


The engines in tourers are tuned for torque in order to support the rider, passenger, luggage and bikes’ weight.

Their capacities may rival that of cars (actually, they bigger than most cars in Malaysia), but their top speeds are usually around 200 km/h.


Tourer chassis is about supporting large amounts of weight, first and foremost, with considerations for comfort being just as important.

Their suspensions are plush to isolate the occupants from road bumps. This is why the Gold Wing and K 1600 feature Hossack-style girder front suspension, while the American tourers have air shocks in the rear.


They are equipped with the latest electronics these days, although not as extensive as bikes of other segments.

ABS and traction control are standard features. Gold Wing customers can also opt for the airbag.

Fuel capacity

Fuel tank sizes typically range from 18 litres and above to provide the furthest possible range between fill ups.

Customization options

Customization is usually centred around the Harley-Davidson and Indian brands. Trends include equipping them with large front wheels and “slamming the suspension.” Another favourite tweak is to install powerful sound systems in luggage space. Custom paint jobs and pinstriping are the norm.

Manufacturers also offer plenty of options.

Photo credit Fbomb Baggers
  • Continuing our series “Know your Bike”, we present the cruiser.

  • Cruisers are about easy going.

  • Their engines emphasis torque over horsepower.

There are still many types bikes that we need to cover, but let’s get the main types out of the way first, by moving on to the cruiser.

Yet to come is the tourer, sport-tourer, adventure/dual-purpose/dual-sport, sportbike. That should cover all the road bikes. We’ll then move to the off-road bikes.

What is it?     

The mainstay of cruisers is about completely a laid-back riding and attitude. It’s about the engine’s torque reverberating through the entire bike and the rider’s body. Style matters the most here. It’s about presence. It’s about making a statement. It’s about being different in an age of mega-complex, highly advanced motorcycles.

Talk about cruisers and one is inclined to think about leather clad riders on thundering machines that rattle your car’s windows as they pass. Honestly though, that image was promoted by the stalwart of cruiserdom i.e. Harley-Davidson.

Good examples are Harley-Davidsons; Indian Motorcycles; Honda Rebel; Yamaha Royal Star; Kawasaki Vulcan; Triumph California, Bobber, and Rocket III; etc.

There are sub-genres to cruisers, of course. You get bobbers, choppers, trackers (as in flat track replicas), Sportsters/Scouts, baggers, tourers, and finally powercruisers such as the Yamaha V-Max, Harley V-Rod series, Ducati Diavel and now the new Triumph Rocket 3.

BMW is set to join the cruiser market with the R 18, but there’s no official word on which types they’ll market.


Styling (apart from the powercruisers) is normally “nostalgic.” Harley-Davidson is the company who’s always evoking images of what happened in 1903, 1984, 2003, etc. However, the Motor Company has moved away from the traditional retro designs for a number of their models recently.

The other big name in cruisers is Indian Motorcycles. Under the Polaris group, there were two lines of cruisers, initially, the other being Victory. The latter produces models with highly retro cues, while the latter more modern, powercruiser styled models. However, Polaris has closed Victory to concentrate on the Indian brand.

Cruisers are easy to spot. They have really low seat heights, long fuel tanks (apart from the Sportster), large rake angles, long wheelbases (i.e. stretched out). Bobbers have “bobbed” (cut off) rear fenders. Choppers have “raked out” steering angles with long forks; and powercruisers look like bulls – on steroids – with chunky rear tyres, forks, front tyres. Tourers have major league wind protection, stereos, hard luggage, while baggers are more of the cut-down form of tourers.

The “Sport” models such as the Sportster, Scout, Rebel were actually meant to be like the standard motorcycle although have more cruising character.

Seating position

A low seat height, regardless of model style. The rider’s legs are usually placed forward with the feet next to the engine or even ahead.

Depending on the type of handlebar installed, the rider sits either upright or with his torso slanted forward. Lower and shorter handlebars called “drag bars” have either low or no riser at all, thus necessitating a long reach forward.

There are so many types of handlebars catered to cruiser riders’ individual tastes.

Engine size

While we usually think of cruisers as heavyweights, there are once that begin from 125cc. But it’s true that the largest volume production engine capacities are in the cruiser segment. Case in point, the 2020 Triumph Rocket 3 with its massive 2500cc triple.

Oh yeah, Harley had just announced the 131 cubic inch (2147cc) Screamin’ Eagle Milwaukee 131 Crate Engine, making it the largest V-Twin. BMW has the honour of having the largest Boxer engine at 1800cc.

There are just a number of types of engine configuration in this segment made of Singles, V-Twins, parallel-Twins, Triples, and now the Boxer. However, the main platform is the narrow-angle 45-degree V-Twin which Harley had promoted for ages.

Most 45-degree V-Twins are primarily air-cooled, except for certain liquid-cooling for certain Harleys. But the coolant only circulates around the cylinder heads and exhaust ports.

Harley also has a liquid 60-degree V-Twin called the Revolution which powers their er… powercruisers.

The 90-degree V-Twin in the Ducati Diavel is liquid-cooled as the engine is shared with the Multistrada sport-tourer.

Triumph’s Bobber uses a liquid-cooled 1200cc parallel-Twin.

The Rocket 3 is liquid-cooled, of course!

Triumph Rocket 3 GT



Cruisers are all about torque, more torque and most of all, torque. As in low-end and tractable torque.

This is one reason why it’s difficult for most cruiser riders to switch to other form of bikes. That massive low-end power allows them to ride through traffic without the need to work the gear lever like a tap dancer, and overtaking traffic needs just a small turn of the throttle.

On the highway, the massive V-Twins turn over at around 1,500 RPM while a torquey, high horsepower, high RPM 1000cc superbike does it with 4,500 RPM, at the same 110 km/h. This character gives the cruiser a relaxed sensation – hence cruising.

The new Harley engine we mentioned above stomps out 177.6 Nm of torque (horsepower is upped to 131 now). If you think that’s a lot, the Rocket 3 triumphs (pun intended) with 221 Nm and 165 hp.

Harley-Davidson Milwaukee-Eight head – courtesy of


Chassis is generally basic with the main concern about carrying the mass of the motorcycle, rider and pillion, and the luggage. Therefore, the frames are usually made of large gauge steel tubing.

The suspension is tuned for comfort, rather than corner carving (apart from the Rocket 3 and Diavel).

Harley brakes were supremely lacking for a long time, but they’ve since upped their game, especially in the face of Indian and Victory. Again, the Rocket 3 and Diavel are in the performance market, thus they’re equipped with the latest Brembo brakes.


The cruiser segment was the last of the road bikes to see up-to-date ABS and traction control. However, most are still considered basic in the face of other bikes in the luxury market.

The performance segment is again different, of course.

Fuel capacity

Fuel tank sizes typically range from 12 litres and above. The heavyweight cruisers usually carry 23 litres or more. Stylistic considerations may dictate the smaller “peanut” tanks, of course. Remember that Americans lead the cruiser market, therefore the bikes are meant to travel long distances.

Yes, yes, there are cruiser riders who ride no further than to Starbucks or Hard Rock Café and back, but there are also such riders in other segments, too.

Customization options

The cruiser segment is the hotbed of motorcycle customization. There’s everything from mild to wild, from the gentlemanly to the outright weird.

The manufacturers also offer factory customization and upgrade kits with hundreds and thousands of choices.


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